Different doses of pravastatin oral tablets are available; however, the dose prescribed by the physician often depends on the level of cholesterol in the body. The drug has to be taken as directed by the physician, not less not more unless instructed by the doctor. This medication should be taken by mouth with or without food, usually once the same time every day.
What to avoid when taking this medication
Pravastatin sodium may interact with certain medications like, cholestyramine, cholestipol, cimetidine, spironolactone, and certain other drugs. Hence, it is advisable to avoid taking these medications one to four hours prior to using Pravastatin.
Foods that are high in fat or cholesterol should also be avoided. While high fat or cholesterol diet is eaten, it may not be effective in lowering cholesterol levels in the body. Grapefruit is known to cause food interaction with Pravastatin, so it should be avoided.
The use of alcohol should also be avoided, as it may increase triglyceride levels in the body causing an increased risk of liver damage.
Pravastatin side effects
Pravastatin is usually well-tolerated in most individuals taking it and do not cause any serious complications. If side effects become bothersome and serious, it should be notified to the health care provider immediately.
1. Common side effects
Common side effects include abdominal discomfort such as nausea, vomiting, heartburn, and diarrhea. These side effects occur in less than 7% of the individuals taking Pravastatin. Other common effect of the medication includes fatigue, headache, chest pain, dizziness, and rash. If these side effects do not go away or become bothersome, the health care provider should be notified immediately.
2. Serious typical side effects
Use of this medication can cause serious typical reactions on the body that includes pain in specific areas of the body, joint pain, muscle stiffness, difficulty in bodily motions, pain in the bones or pain in the muscles. All the above said pravastatin side effects should be reported to the doctor as early as possible.
3. Serious non-typical side effects
Certain individuals experience a wide variety of serious side effects, which should be reported to the health care provider as early as possible after its occurrence. These side effects include chills, pain in the chest, chest discomfort, headaches, chest tightness, a sore throat, congestion of the ears, nausea, wheezing, vomiting, difficulty in breathing, rapid heartbeat, feeling of general illness, insomnia, inability to speak, decreased appetite, sneezing or nasal congestion, shortness of breath, runny nose, irregular heartbeat, shivering, or cramps, spasms, tenderness or weakness in the muscles. Other side effects may also include infection of the upper respiratory tract, anxiety, depression, restless sleep, a skin rash, or fatigue.
4. Temporary side effects
Certain side effects caused by Pravastatin are temporary and may disappear upon discontinuation of the medication. These temporary side effects are not serious, but should be reported to the health care provider if it continues or become bothersome. They include abdominal pain, nervousness, indigestion, empty feelings, sad feelings, irritability, fear, difficulty in defecation, discouragement, decreased sense of interest or pleasure, flatulence, double vision, painful or frequent urination, urination that burns, changes in vision like blurred vision, nasal congestion, a feeling of bloating, tiredness, belching, difficulties in concentration, stomach upset, and a need to urinate during sleep.
An asymptomatic rise in the liver enzymes can be identified in the blood in very few individuals taking this medication. This condition can be reversed by minimizing the dose of Pravastatin or stopping its use.